Ptosis Surgery is a medical procedure that is done on the eyelids. Ptosis is from a Greek word that means “fall.” In this case, it refers to the drooping or sagging of the eyelids. This condition may be caused by paralysis, weakness, or trauma to the nerves and muscles that are responsible for the proper functions of the eyelids. Some of these cases are hereditary.
There are several kinds of Ptosis. Neurogenic ptosis refers to the condition that is caused by affected nerves in the eyelids causing ptosis. Myogenic ptosis is caused when the muscles that raise the eyelids are weakened making the lids to sag. Aponeurotic ptosis or involutional ptosis occurs post-operative or when the muscle connections in the eyelids are weak. Mechanical ptosis happens when the upper lid is too heavy to lift. This could be because of a swollen upper lid, or tumors. Neurotoxic ptosis is a symptom that happens after being bitten by a venomous snake or animals. This is a medical emergency that needs immediate treatment. Otherwise, the person could die. Pseudo ptosis is also known as false ptosis. This condition mimics ptosis but the drooping of the lid is not caused by muscle or nerve or levator malfunction. This condition is due to lack of support of the lid. Having empty eye socket or degenerating or atrophic eye ball or globe would cause pseudo ptosis. These are conditions are acquired ptosis. Congenital ptosis, on the other hand, is hereditary. It is found or present in babies at birth. There are no known causes why this occurs.
Ptosis, known also as blepharoptosi, may occur in different degrees from mild or slight drooping to a complete closure of the eyelid or eyelids. In severe cases this could affect one’s eye sight.
The loosening or bagging of the skin above the eyes is called blepharochalasis. Blepharochalasis may cause pseudo ptosis. Ptosis surgery or blepharoplasty is done to remove the excess skin and tissue above or around the eyes to correct the problem. The procedure is an outpatient procedure done by an ophthalmologist and plastic surgeons. The patient goes under the knife under mild anesthesia and takes less than an hour. Usually after the procedure, the patient’s face is swollen and would appear bruised. When sleeping, it is necessary to have your head elevated to decreased swelling. It is also helpful to frequently apply cold compress on your eyes. Patients may experience mild pain. For this an over the counter pain medication and antibiotic will suffice. It will take about 2 weeks for the bruising and swelling to disappear. Six to eight weeks for the result to emerge.
It is very important also to take note and educate yourself about this surgery. It is extremely important that the patient who will undergo the surgery to have a sound mind and psychologically prepared. Once the operation starts there is no turning back. There are many doctors and surgeons who will tell you they are good at performing this kind of surgery, however, it is best to find a doctor who is an expert on this kind of surgery. Complications and infections may occur if the surgery is not done right. Nerves and muscles tissues may not function well if the “not correct” doctor damaged them. So be very careful in choosing the doctor who will perform this surgery on you. Do not go for cheaply priced surgery. It will cost you more if something wrong happens.
Those who go under the knife are either born with ptosis, developed ptosis due to many factors like age, or simply want to have a beautiful looking symmetrical eyes. When a highly qualified doctor is chosen, the results of ptosis surgery can be beautiful.
A pleasing and younger looking face will emerge as a result if the ptosis surgery is done right.