Bone density test results can let physicians and clients know their fracture risk in comparison to those of other individuals of the same age range, gender, and other similar characteristics. Densitometry or DXA scan are the terminologies for a bone density test. It is used to find out if a patient is afflicted with osteoporosis or is at risk of developing it. Osteoporosis is a condition that makes bones turn out weak and easily broken. Previously, osteoporosis may only be identified after a bone gets. By the time it is diagnosed, the bones have already become rather frail.
Bone density test results are very vital. These make it possible for doctors to relay to patients that they have weakened bones that may easily break. Patients can then do their activities of daily living more carefully. They can take prescriptions and supplements to strengthen their bones and prevent further complications. Bone density tests help to determine any level of decrease in bone density and make it possible to avoid breaking any bone. The test also can find out the risk of fractures at the same time it can verify if a patient has osteoporosis if broken bones occurred. The test also can monitor bone condition in the course of osteoporosis treatment. The bones are likely to be denser as bone mineral content turns out higher. If bones are denser, it follows that they are not brittle and will not break easily.
Bone density test results are either provided in T-scores or Z-scores. The T-score refers to bone density in comparison to what is typical among healthy young individuals of the same gender. T-score indicates through the number of units if a patient’s bone density is higher or lower than the average. T-score higher than one indicates that the bone density is normal. If the score lands between one and twenty-five, this may indicate that the bone density is lower than normal and could result to osteoporosis. T-Score lower than 2.5 is an indication of osteoporosis. Scores like these most of the time are pertinent to white females who are going through post-menopausal symptoms. White women of these ages have tendencies to have lower bone density and have varying interpretations than males and other females who belong to other racial groups.
On the other hand, Z-scores indicate if a patient has secondary osteoporosis. This occurs to individuals who have atypical lower bone density not because of advancing age but because of other conditions. Score lower than 1.5 would mean other factors besides aging or menopause are causing it. The physician will obtain other test results to know the real cause of low bone density in order to address the problem. Repeat bone density tests are being done but science experts are conducting research to determine until what age repeat testing can be terminated as well as the allowable intervals between repeat tests. Currently, doctors have observed that changes in an individual’s density may be apparent after two or more years. As of now, individual evaluations are required for physicians to determine the appropriate intervals for bone testing.